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The Party also forces individuals to suppress their sexual desires, treating sex as merely a procreative duty whose end is the creation of new Party members.The Party then channels people’s pent-up frustration and emotion into intense, ferocious displays of hatred against the Party’s political enemies.Many of these enemies have been invented by the Party expressly for this purpose.
The Party forces its members to undergo mass morning exercises called the Physical Jerks, and then to work long, grueling days at government agencies, keeping people in a general state of exhaustion.
Anyone who does manage to defy the Party is punished and “reeducated” through systematic and brutal torture.
The title of the novel was meant to indicate to its readers in 1949 that the story represented a real possibility for the near future: if totalitarianism were not opposed, the title suggested, some variation of the world described in the novel could become a reality in only thirty-five years.
Orwell portrays a state in which government monitors and controls every aspect of human life to the extent that even having a disloyal thought is against the law.
Additionally, the Party employs complicated mechanisms (1984 was written in the era before computers) to exert large-scale control on economic production and sources of information, and fearsome machinery to inflict torture upon those it deems enemies.
1984 reveals that technology, which is generally perceived as working toward moral good, can also facilitate the most diabolical evil.
As a result, memories become fuzzy and unreliable, and citizens become perfectly willing to believe whatever the Party tells them.
By controlling the present, the Party is able to manipulate the past.
After being subjected to weeks of this intense treatment, Winston himself comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it.
By conditioning the minds of their victims with physical torture, the Party is able to control reality, convincing its subjects that 2 2 = 5.