With these two things in mind, Winthrop wrote a sermon titled 'A Modell of Christian Charity' in order to arrange his ideas about how the Puritan settlers should treat one another in order to help each other - and the colony - survive.
Winthrop's 'A Modell of Christian Charity' presents a deeply religious idea about how the Puritans should treat one another in order to ensure the survival of their colony.
Winthrop gave his sermon to the Puritans on the Arbella before they landed in order to stress a cooperative spirit among them and to encourage them to show Charles I back in England how a true God-fearing community should be run.
He invokes the Bible in multiple places - he talks about the story of Moses from Deuteronomy and compares the Pilgrims to the Israelites, since both were entering a new land and were dependent on God and one another to survive.
The future colony of Massachusetts Bay, a community sent from England to further Calvinist religion, wondered how they, a group of outcasts who have a habit of quarreling with authority, could construct a strong society without fighting amongst themselves.
In 1629, aboard the Arbella, Winthrop addressed their concerns in his sermon A Model of Christian Charity.
He also draws from Jesus's famous Sermon on the Mount in the Book of Matthew when he states that being the 'city upon the hill' will show others how to live and serve God in the best possible way.
'A Modell of Christian Charity' was a sermon that focused on how the Puritan settlers should treat one another in order to help each other - and the colony - survive.
Furthermore, Winthrop and the Puritans wanted to show that their Puritanical beliefs were truly the way to serve God.
They were run out of England by Charles I for their beliefs, and they wanted to validate them in this new land and create a thriving community that was successful because of their ideals.