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You need a few extra boys for balance, because men die earlier.We are learning right now what happens when the sex ratio becomes wildly out of whack, through a huge unintended experiment.The woman shortage is having harmful consequences in China and sometimes in neighboring countries.
Butler argues that: “there is no recourse to a body that has not always already been interpreted by cultural meanings; hence, sex could not qualify as a pre discursive anatomical facticity.
Indeed, sex, by definition, will be shown to have been gender all along”. Butler also uses Foucault’s ideas on how the self-identity is constructed in order to develop the performative theories of gender, in which she argues that sex is not something stable and fixed, but should be considered as something which is open to fluidity.
In Myanmar’s Kachin and northern Shan states, bordering China, long-standing conflict escalated in recent years, displacing over 100,000 people.
Traffickers prey on vulnerable women and girls, offering jobs in, and transport to, China.
The theory of ‘Gender Performance’ or ‘Gender Performativity’ was first coined in Judith Butler’s 1990 book titled Gender Trouble. Austin’s work on the notion of the performative, and ties into Derrida’s work on reiteration and repetition.
Butler’s theories on gender identity and gender performativity were based on the notion of destabilizing gender identities and categories. She considered the definition of what is meant by the signifier ‘woman’, in relation to the post-structuralist position of examining signs and signifiers.
This paper will examine how Butler’s gender performance theories originated in a wider context of the feminist movement and discourse; whereby Butler moved away from the essentialist and centralized ideology of feminism and went on to encompass ideas of ‘Queer Theory’.
There is also a consideration of the effect and significance of the gender performativity in literary texts.
And, of course, staying single was a horrible fate.
The World Health Organization says the natural sex ratio at birth is about 105 boys to every 100 girls and its best to have equal numbers of men and women in a society.