Bartolomeu Dias reached the southern tip of Africa in 1488, and Vasco de Gama reached India via the Indian Ocean in 1499.In 1492, the monarchs of Spain backed Christopher Columbus’ plan to sail westward to the Indies.
The desire to explore the unknown has been a driving force in human history since the dawn of time.
From the earliest documented accounts, ancient civilizations have explored the world around them.
Early adventures were motivated by religious beliefs, a desire for conquest, the need for trade, and an unsatisfying hunger for gold.
The great Age of Exploration, beginning in the late 1400s, was an important era in the discovery and development of lands yet unknown to the Europeans.
Soon, other European nations, including the Dutch, French and English were sending out fleet of ships to chart new territories and discover new riches.
One of the most prolific explorers was James Cook, who discovered Australia, Antarctica, and numerous islands, including Hawaii.
The weapon they had was known as disease, which included the Small Pox and measles. The vague differences between the two were almost unnoticeable and were often overlooked.
Their prize for accomplishing their goal was the vast wealth of the societies and the large quantities of gold and silver that their lands held. Their Caribbean strongholds did stay independent though, and the Dutch joined in the slave trade to promote the sugar cane trade.
If were not for the superpowers of Spain, Portugal, England, France, and the Netherlands, the world as we know it would not exist.
Leading the way in the exploration of the world was the nation of Spain with a man named Christopher Columbus.