This guide provides instructions and over 150 examples using the APA referencing style.
To find out how to cite and reference resources, you can use the A-Z on each page or the full page listing which includes links to all examples.
During the course of writing an essay, report or other assignment it is usual to support arguments by referring to, or citing, information produced by other authors.
This information could be presented in journal or newspaper articles, government reports, books or specific chapters of books, research dissertations or theses, material over the internet etc.
Follow the format specified in the most recent edition of the style manual you choose; and – if it is not already required by that style – include the Pro Quest/UMI publication number in the References citation.
Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books (ISBNs), and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing. Search for the item in Pro Quest Dissertations and Theses (available via the CIIS Library website).
When you cite someone's work in the text of your essay (an in-text citation), you also need to create a full reference for it at the end of your work.
This gives the full details for the information source so that it can be traced by anyone who reads your work.
You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples: I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph.
D., California Institute of Integral Studies, 2010, 145 pages; AAT 3411606 Images of pain, images of pain relief: Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management by Kasai, Aya, M.