Disease Research Paper

Disease Research Paper-70
Infected larval and nymphal ticks feed on small mammals (usually rodents) while adult ticks feed on deer.The explosive repopulation of white-tailed deer in parts of the United States has been linked to the spread of Lyme disease.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) maintains a list of nationally notifiable diseases [1].

Infected larval and nymphal ticks feed on small mammals (usually rodents) while adult ticks feed on deer.The explosive repopulation of white-tailed deer in parts of the United States has been linked to the spread of Lyme disease.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) maintains a list of nationally notifiable diseases [1].

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(Cross-reaction is a problem associated with tests for many diseases.) Although present diagnostics are not perfect, great strides have been made in the past twenty years.

More sensitive and specific tests for Lyme disease are being developed.

There is no evidence that Lyme disease has been transmitted directly from animal-to-animal, animal-to-human, or human-to-human.

Diagnosis is currently based on clinical findings supported by several types of laboratory tests.

Test sensitivity increases when patients progress to later stages of the disease, but a small proportion of Lyme disease patients never develop a positive blood test result.

Another complicating factor is that there can be a cross-reaction in the blood test, giving a false positive result for Lyme disease in persons who really have conditions such as syphilis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, infectious mononucleosis, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

DHSS has incorporated CDC-mandated diseases as well as selected other diseases for which there are established diagnostic tests into 19 CSR 20-20.020, [2].

Local public health agencies and/or DHSS are notified by physicians, laboratories, and other reporters when diseases/conditions listed in 19 CSR 20-20.020 are confirmed or suspected. Before a case is reported to CDC, it must meet a “case definition” specific for the disease in question.

When an infected tick bites a human or certain animals (after a period of attachment), the infectious agent can be transmitted, resulting in disease.

Wild rodents and deer are part of the natural life cycle of .

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