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While most cultures would say that lying is wrong, the question that often asked is “In such an such a situation is lying wrong?” By looking at the historical, biblical contexts and then the passage we would be able to understand the ethical and moral values that God wants us to do life with, and if they are to be contingent on situations or not.The latter is not because Yahweh is a false god, but the only majestic God of whom any man made image would be an insult.
Laws regarding our attitude in our relationship with fellow man. Worship can be the most transformational community activity or the one that causes the most dysfunction.
While this dichotomous classification is helpful in that it follows the essence of a faith relationship according to Jesus as stated in Matthew -40 there is a further three fold classification of these ten laws which are very helpful as well. As such the first of commandment works on getting the foundation right. Advocating monotheism the command declares emphatically that the Lord who redeemed the people from slavery will not tolerate competition.
“The covenant then constitutes the heart of God’s special revelation….”(Douglas & Tenney, 1984, p 238) for community building.
Biblical Background In the chapters preceding the passage being exegeted we see the story of Gods people in the wilderness as they are redeemed out from slavery.
On the basis of who he is, and what he has already done, God proceeds to give his revelation of the commandments to be followed through Moses to his people.
These two verses are vital to understanding God’s intention and heart.Exegesis of Exodus 20 17 Introduction: To fully understand this passage it is important to understand it’s historical and biblical background.Morality and ethics in the context of the world at large is based on situations.While they were individual imperatives it was considered one law.“It is all or nothing – the whole law or a broken thing.A list of witnesses ensued next and was generally the gods they believed in, with the conclusion being and equation of blessings and curses for the adherence and the severance of the covenant.While covenants changed from community to community and the there are differences even amongst the covenants of the Old Testament, it is sufficient to know that this was Gods commands for his community constituting his law.Chapter 19 reports them entering into the wilderness of Sinai.Having brought them to freedom God sets the foundation for receiving his revelation through covenant in verse 15 “Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. The rest of chapter 19 details the preparation for receiving the covenant.“You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.” In a culture where images of Gods are rampant and considered as the residing places of these false Gods, out of concern for the people he delivered (Jealous) Yahweh commands them that no image in stone, wood or metal is really god and therefore should not be made or worshipped.This would also cover making an image or idol of Yahweh as well, and as such should be considered as a total prohibition.