If moral universalism is ascribed to, then this would be inconsistent with the view that professions can have a different moral code, as the universalist holds that there is only one valid moral code for all..As attending college after high school graduation becomes a standard in the lives of young people, colleges and universities are becoming more business-like in their expectations of the students.In it, Lane argues, "..a transformation in the understanding of professional ethics, so as to recognize sustainability as an overarching societal good for the achievement of which professionals bear a shared responsibility." "...
Precisely because that future does not yet exist—indeed is threatened by the current course of carbon emissions and associated forms of development—the duties on professionals should be acknowledged to be far more demanding, both of judgment and effort, than is generally recognized today." The Centre for the Understanding of Sustainable Prosperity hopes to address the implications of sustainable prosperity at the level of households and firms; and it will explore sector-level and macro-economic implications of different pathways to prosperity.
Personal ethics refers to the ethics that a person identifies with in respect to people and situations that they deal with in everyday life.
In contrast, a fully trained doctor (with the correct equipment) would be capable of making the correct diagnosis and carrying out appropriate procedures.
Failure of a doctor to not help at all in such a situation would generally be regarded as negligent and unethical.
Disciplinary codes allow the profession to define a standard of conduct and ensure that individual practitioners meet this standard, by disciplining them from the professional body if they do not practice accordingly.
This allows those professionals who act with a conscience to practice in the knowledge that they will not be undermined commercially by those who have fewer ethical qualms.This is particularly true of professions in which they have almost a complete monopoly on a particular area of knowledge.For example, until recently, the English courts deferred to the professional consensus on matters relating to their practice that lay outside case law and legislation.This is because they are trained to produce certain outcomes which may take moral precedence over other functions of society.For example, it could be argued that a doctor may lie to a patient about the severity of his or her condition if there is reason to believe that telling the patient would cause so much distress that it would be detrimental to his or her health.Though, if a doctor helps and makes a mistake that is considered negligent and unethical, there could be egregious repercussions.An untrained person would only be considered to be negligent for failing to act if they did nothing at all to help and is protected by the "Good Samaritan" laws if they unintentionally caused more damage and possible loss of life.A business may approach a professional engineer to certify the safety of a project which is not safe.While one engineer may refuse to certify the project on moral grounds, the business may find a less scrupulous engineer who will be prepared to certify the project for a bribe, thus saving the business the expense of redesigning.For example: More often than not people at work resolve moral conflicts by drawing a line between their professional and individual roles.In other words, they separate their work from their personal life and follow their professional code of conduct.