In both texts, young boys find themselves faced with matters of life and death; civility and violence; friendship and hatred.
The challenges of growing up and of taking on the responsibilities incumbent upon an adult are considerable.
This is even more so when one grows up before a backdrop of violence, chaos or disorder.
He could not just rely on verbal show of his prejudice and hatred.
Assef grows up with these traits and to have a 'better future' in Afghanistan, he joins Taliban.
In the United States, Marxist literary criticism was most important during the Great Depression in the 1930s, especially during the era of the Popular Front up to the Hitler-Stalin Pact of 1939.
This was the heyday of Socialist Realism, proletarian literature and glorification of the lower classes in their struggles against capitalism and fascism.
Unlike his father Baba, Amir, because he remained haunted by his cowardly actions and the disloyalty of his childhood, bore the slings of fortunes and insults of the American land of his refuge and torment far better than his father.
Amir saw these difficulties as deserved punishments for his past crimes, rather than undeserved suffering. And the Taliban scurried like rats into the caves." (Hosseini, 2003, 316) as……
Memories of the past also motivate Amir to create positive change for the future.
The persistence of the past is a central theme in Hosseini's The Kite Runner, affecting Amir's sense of self, Amir's sense of place, and Amir's sense of the future.