Essays Comparing Islam And Christianity

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The History of Christian-Muslim Relations, Texts and Studies presents the surviving record of past encounters in a variety of forms: authoritative, text editions and annotated translations, studies of authors and their works and collections of essays on particular themes and historical periods.

It illustrates the development in mutual perceptions as these are contained in surviving Christian and Muslim writings, and makes available the arguments and rhetorical strategies that, for good or for ill, have left their mark on attitudes today.

All Abrahamic Religions are considered monotheistic, which is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing God.

Islam, Christianity, and Judaism believe that their sacred texts (or scriptures) are the "Word of God." In Christianity the sacred text is the Bible, For Islam it is the Qur'an, and for Judaism it is the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh. Islam awaits the coming of Mahdi (Sunnis in his first incarnation, Shi'as the return of Muhammad al-Mahdi).

The hadiths (the plural is sometimes written with the "s" and sometimes not), along with the Quran, are meant to govern every aspect of life, including civil law.

There are several collections of hadiths, but the one compiled by Bukhari (or "Al-Bukhari" or "Sahih Bukhari"), who lived 200 years after Muhammad, is considered very important, especially by Sunni Muslims.Christianity developed ritual prohibitions against the consumption of meat (but not fish) on Fridays, and the Christian calendars prescribe abstinence from some foods at various times of the year; but these customs vary from place to place and changed over time.Islam, Christianity, and Judaism consent that a human being comprises the body, which dies, and the soul, which need...The Quran, Sira, and Hadith together make up the Islamic Trilogy and form the perfect pattern of all Islamic behavior.Some background for our non-Muslim readers might be helpful. Sunni Muslims represent about 85% of the world's Muslim population. There is disagreement among the various sects on some issues, not unlike theological disagreements among Christian denominations.Christians and Muslims have been involved in exchanges over matters of faith and morality since the founding of Islam.Attitudes between the faiths today are deeply coloured by the legacy of past encounters, and often preserve centuries-old negative views.We are interested in exploring here what the source documents say concerning these two major world religions, Christianity and Islam.That is, we will explore and compare the Bible and the Quran (plus the written traditions of Islam called the hadith). They take on the label of the religion, but not the beliefs or practices.They may even attend worship services, but in their own mind reject many of the core beliefs.

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