In general, Buddhism is a religion (blurred with philosophy, like many religions) that aims to show its followers the path to enlightenment.
Since the Buddha’s lifetime, it has split into several different traditions—including Theravada Buddhism and Zen Buddhism.
This article will cover the history of mindfulness; its roots in Hinduism and Buddhism, how it relates to yoga, and how it came to be popular in the Western world.
Finally, we will discuss the most relevant aspect of mindfulness for our purposes—how it fits into the field of positive psychology. With this package, you will not just be able to understand mindfulness on a theoretical level, but you’ll also have the tools to apply mindfulness in your work with clients or students.
A concept that is very difficult to define or translate, but includes a way of life that is in harmony with the natural order of the universe.
Despite the shared presence of dharma in both of these philosophies/religions, Buddhism is not a subsect of Hinduism because Buddhism does not concern itself with the sacred writings of the Veda (Hacker & Davis, Jr., 2006).This connection was then solidified about a hundred years later with the Indian independence movement.Mindfulness has been intertwined with Hinduism for millennia.These writings included rituals and the worship of the Gods common to modern-day Hinduism.About 1,500-2,500 years ago, additional texts were composed which are involved in present-day Hinduism, including texts introducing the concepts of dharma and temple worship.In fact, some even consider the English word “mindfulness” to be a simple translation of the Buddhist concept of Sati.The fact that mindfulness is such a crucial aspect of Buddhism, combined with the fact that many Western influences in mindfulness studied under Buddhist teachers, shows that Western mindfulness is largely indebted to Buddhism.A few hundred years ago, Hinduism experienced some competition in India with the rise of Islam, but 19th-century reformers revitalized Hinduism and helped tie it to the national identity of India.This proved to be successful because middle-class Indians started identifying with Hinduism around the mid 19th century (Hatcher, 2007). There is no easy answer to this question, but one solution is to trace the lineage of mindfulness from early Eastern religions to its modern, secular presence in Western science. And why have so many people in the West recently become so interested in it?