Homework was blamed for nervous conditions in children, eyestrain, stress, lack of sleep, and other conditions.Tags: Information Technology AssignmentTelevision Today EssayTo Kill A Mockingbird Objective Test And EssayColumbia Creative Writing MfaCreative Writing Classes For Primary SchoolHow To Solve Calculus Word ProblemsProcess Essay On How To Bake A CakeWriting A Rationale For A Research PaperPrecalculus Homework Help
There's a growing suspicion that something is wrong with homework.
This more critical view represents a movement away from the pro-homework attitudes that have been consistent for decades (Kralovec & Buell, 2000).
Teachers, overwhelmed by an already glutted curriculum and pressures related to standardized tests, assign homework in an attempt to develop students' skills and extend learning time.
At the same time, they are left frustrated when the students who most need more time to learn seem the least likely to complete homework.
Learning consisted of drill, memorization, and recitation, which required preparation at home: At a time when students were required to say their lessons in class in order to demonstrate their academic prowess, they had little alternative but to say those lessons over and over at home the night before.
Before a child could continue his or her schooling through grammar school, a family had to decide that chores and other family obligations would not interfere unduly with the predictable nightly homework hours that would go into preparing the next day's lessons. 174) The critical role that children played as workers in the household meant that many families could not afford to have their children continue schooling, given the requisite two to three hours of homework each night (Kralovec & Buell, 2000).
At the end of the 19th century, attendance in grades 1 through 4 was irregular for many students, and most classrooms were multi-age.
Teachers rarely gave homework to primary students (Gill & Schlossman, 2004).
The benefits of fresh air, sunshine, and exercise for children were widely accepted, and homework had the potential to interfere.
One hundred years ago, rather than diagnosing children with attention deficit disorder, pediatricians simply prescribed more outdoor exercise.