The bourgeoisie presents the social class, which owns the means of production and so it exploits the proletariat.The bourgeoisie class could be further divided into the wealthy bourgeoisie and the petit bourgeoisie.
Marx indicates several social classes: the proletariat, the bourgeoisie, the landlords, the farmers and the peasantry and others.
The proletariat is those individuals who sell their labor power, and therefore add value to the products, and who, in the capitalist mode of production, do not own the means of production (Marx, 145).
The philosophical method of Marxism is dialectical materialism, which is based on the Hegel’s theory of the dialectical idealism.
Dialectical materialism presumes economic determinant to be the prima determinant in history.
He defined exploitation of one class by another as a key feature of capitalism and free market.
Capitalists gain their profit from the difference between the value of the product and actual wages that workers receive.It is this method that concerns the history of society to be the history of struggle.The notion class derives from the attitude of some social group to the means of production.In this way workers get less, than their labor costs in reality, and this makes it possible for the capitalist class to gain additional profit.This is the reason why capitalists class becomes richer and working class becomes poorer.He put factors which influenced the society on the economic background and considered them from the economical point of view.Marx used the term political economy in order to explain the conditions, under which capitalist system has been developed.Marx defined alienation as a main result of capitalism.These ideas were suitable during the time when Marx created his philosophy.During that time workers really did not receive appropriate pay for their labor and exploitation of the working class by the class of capitalists was evident.The situation has changed since than, and nowadays we can not talk about the exploitation of working class in the countries of Western Europe and America.