KF's impairment was mainly for verbal information - his memory for visual information was largely unaffected.This shows that there are separate STM components for visual information (VSS) and verbal information (phonological loop).Tags: Essay Introduction HelpCritical Analysis Essay OutlineLogic Math ProblemsHow To Assign A Static Ip AddressEssay On Organizational Culture And LeadershipEating Babies EssayConsentement Au Mariage DissertationHamlet Essay Enotes
Baddeley and Hitch (1974) argue that the picture of short-term memory (STM) provided by the Multi-Store Model is far too simple.
According to the Multi-Store Model, STM holds limited amounts of information for short periods of time with relatively little processing. This means it is a single system (or store) without any subsystems. Drives the whole system (e.g., the boss of working memory) and allocates data to the subsystems: the phonological loop and the visuospatial sketchpad.
It is responsible for monitoring and coordinating the operation of the slave systems (i.e., visuospatial sketchpad and phonological loop) and relates them to long term memory (LTM).
Researchers today generally agree that short-term memory is made up of a number of components or subsystems.
The study of human memory and in particular the attempts to distinguish between different types of memory have benn investigated for the last century.
Memory Essays Psychology
Philosophy, psychiatry and psychologh have all contributed to this study.Atkinson’s and Shiffrin’s (1968) multi-store model was extremely successful in terms of the amount of research it generated.However, as a result of this research, it became apparent that there were a number of problems with their ideas concerning the characteristics of short-term memory.The working memory applies to real-life tasks: The KF Case Study supports the Working Memory Model.KF suffered brain damage from a motorcycle accident that damaged his short-term memory.It makes sense of a range of tasks - verbal reasoning, comprehension, reading, problem-solving and visual and spatial processing.And the model is supported by considerable experimental evidence.Lieberman (1980) criticizes the working memory model as the visuospatial sketchpad (VSS) implies that all spatial information was first visual (they are linked).However, Lieberman points out that blind people have excellent spatial awareness, although they have never had any visual information.Korsakoff, Freud and Ebbinghaus are among the early contributers.Although their observations were not always methodological as strict as with current research they did play a vital role.