Psychology Nature Vs Nurture Essay

Psychology Nature Vs Nurture Essay-18
People in this camp argue that man is a product of his environment.Some extremists went as far as saying: give us any new born infant and we will shape him/her just the way we want, by placing him/her in the desired environment.

People in this camp argue that man is a product of his environment.Some extremists went as far as saying: give us any new born infant and we will shape him/her just the way we want, by placing him/her in the desired environment.Few decades ago, women were considered inferior to men in their achievements.

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Usually, these theories were one directional in the nature / nurture question.

Today, a new approach to deal with this question is emerging.

Another study on heredity and alcoholism conducted by Goodwin (1973) indicated that adoptees with alcoholic parents were four times more likely to become alcoholics than those without, although there was no such relationship with alcohol misuse in adoptive parents, (Pelle, Stanton. Even though scientists have only identified 16,000 out of the total 100,000 genes, many psychological diseases are on the verge of being unraveled.

Take for instance schizophrenia, a disease characterized by (hallucinations, delusions, flat or inappropriate emotional expression, paranoia and suspiciousness).

New findings point out to its relatedness to genetics.

Genetic markers for schizophrenia are founded on chromosomes 22, 6, 13, 8 and 9, (De Angelis, Tori.” As one grows from infancy to adulthood, social experience plays a critical and constant role in the regulation of growth , behavior and emotions,” (Glick, Marion E.) Here we are told that social deprivation at different stages of development can lead to abnormalities in the stress hormone system, which may produce severe and long-lasting physical, neural and psychological consequences.It is also interesting to consider the gender differences due to the change in environment.“Through new genetic studies, clinical observation, and research on identical twins and adopted children, we are becoming increasingly aware that many of the human characteristics previously taken for granted as products of childhood rearing and environment are rooted in the genetic matrix.”, (Neubrauer, Peter.p 38) Studies of identical twins reared apart have provided researchers with a lot of clues about the role of heredity in everyday life behavior.It is also a fact that this mental disease is triggered by environmental factors including family factors and external stress.Paul Grobstein, in his article”Genes, Environments, and Individual Choice” explains that “In human development and behavior, as in the development and behavior of all other living organisms, the genome and the environment instead productively interact with one another, both contributing unique and valuable information to the emergence of distinctive individuals” It is also noteworthy to mention that no two individuals are the same.When asked about the reason they felt to be so clean, the first one replied ” My mother.When I was growing up she always kept the house perfectly ordered. ” When his twin brother was asked the same question he answered “The reason is quite simple.This new approach finds a middle ground between nature and nurture.The conclusion that nature and nurture are complementary and work hand and hand to shape a behavior (a purposeful and meaningful activity) is not a compromise; it is a result of a vigorous study of each of the components of the equation of heredity and environment and their affects on determining one’s development and behavior.

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