Short Essays On Water Pollution

The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water.

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Many of our lakes are becoming increasingly murky, smelly and choked with excessive growths of algae.

Most of the rivers have become darkened with sewage, chemicals, oil, industrial effluents and undesirable foreign and extra­neous matter.

In India, the river Damodar is one of the most heavily polluted rivers.

It has been heavily abused as a convenient dumping ground for wastes and effluents of all kinds, including agricultural, industrial and domestic.

These plants have been discharging by-products passing through the industrial pipes, straight directly to water bodies such as sea, lakes, and ocean.

Thus, affects a major concern to the marine life environment.In 1968, the Ganges caught fire near Monghyr (Bihar) because of the oily effluent discharged from the Barauni Oil Refinery.Large scale discharge of waste water containing arsenic and ammonia resulted in mass killing of fishes in an estuary near Goa a few years ago.Current estimates indicate that about 75% of India’s available water is polluted.The Ganga, which drains a quarter of the country’s land area, is now one of our most polluted rivers, sharing this dubious distinction with the Damodar (Bihar, W.Water pollution is most often caused by uncontrolled rejection of wastes (Table 8.6).Although water pollution can be caused by the presence of any extraneous, undesirable matter, the following are some of the more important primary sources of pollution.It is believed that at present, rivers are the most severely afflicted systems (by pollution), followed by estuaries, lakes, and oceans in declining order.Occasionally, certain water bodies become so heavily polluted with oil that they have been seen to literally catch fire.The preservation of our water environment, which is embedded in sustainable development, must be well driven by all sectors.While effective wastewater treatment has the tendency of salvaging the water environment, integration of environmental policies into the actor firms core objectives coupled with continuous periodical enlightenment on the present and future consequences of environmental/water pollution will greatly assist in conserving the water environment. Water Pollution: Effects, Prevention, and Climatic Impact, Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World, Matjaž Glavan, Intech Open, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72018. Water Pollution: Effects, Prevention, and Climatic Impact, Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World, Matjaž Glavan, Intech Open, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72018.

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