The Middle Passage Essay

The Middle Passage Essay-31
The Middle Passage is remembered as one of the most atrocious periods in human history.African slaves were transported alongside other cargo in ships across the Atlantic Ocean, to be sold off in the New World.

The Middle Passage is remembered as one of the most atrocious periods in human history.

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Estimates for the total number of Africans lost to the slave trade range from 25 to 50 million.

The Middle Passage was a term used to describe the triangular route of trade that brought Africans to the Americas and rum and sugar cane to Europe. The journey from Africa to the Americas would take as many as 30 to 90 days.

The conditions that millions of Africans endured during the Middle Passage into Amerian slavery stands as one of the greatest examples in history of human beings inflicting dehumanizing suffering on fellow human beings.

As British abolitionist William Wilberforce (1759-1833) stated, “Never can so much misery be found condensed in so small a place as in a slave ship during the Middle Passage.” In the holds of slave ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean, millions of enslaved Africans first experienced what it meant to be defined and treated as chattel property in the context of New World slavery.

The ships were overcrowded, and the slaves were either stacked on shelves or chained in rows on the floor for the entire journey with no room to turn.

Due to poor ventilation, diseases spread easily, and casualties were thrown overboard.

Different points of disembarkation and arrival also influenced the arduous ship conditions for enslaved Africans.

While the few voyages sailing from Upper Guinea could make a passage to the Americas in three weeks, the average duration from all regions of Africa was just over two months.

The Middle Passage was the longest, hardest, most dangerous, and also most horrific part of the journey of the slave ships.

With extremely tightly packed loads of human cargo that stank and carried both infectious disease and death, the ships would travel east to west across the Atlantic on a miserable voyage lasting at least five weeks, and sometimes as long as three months.


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